Before Google, where were the searches done?
The Internet is publicly available since 1990, but in those days there were no search engines and to enter a website you needed to know the address to enter directly. It was only three years later, in 1993, when search engines began to appear, and they were responsible for creating an index of web pages automatically thanks to algorithms, something that, previously, was done manually by the same users of the Web.
The Google we know now is a gigantic corporation that offers many services, but this company started only as a search engine that has been operating since 1997 and was released in 1998.
Between 1993 and 1998, before Google, which search engines were used to get results on the web? There were many, and the vast majority have disappeared completely, if you already used the network at the time, perhaps some of you are familiar.
WebCrawler appeared on April 20, 1994. Although it was not the first existing search engine, it was a pioneer because it did full-text searches and not just metadata or summaries of the original text. The website had its own information database and separated the advertising from other results, in addition to allowing the user to create a personalized website that would receive him every time he entered. You can still visit WebCrawler and do searches of any kind, but you will get results from Google and Yahoo.rn
You may know Lycos because it was the most visited website in the world in 1999. This site also began in 1994 as a university project by Michael Loren Mauldin. This company expanded considerably, similar to what Google has done, and had almost a dozen brands recognized on the Internet as Angelfire, that famous site where free web pages were created before blogs; MatchMaker.com, the first online dating site; and Wired Digital, now known as Wired.com.
Lycos had many ups and downs and went through many sales. There was a time when the corporation had a value of 17.8 billion dollars and was acquired by Terra Networks. Now Lycos is still working but it stopped being a search engine and its value is considerably lower: 24 million dollars.
AltaVista was another of the best-known search engines and appeared in 1995. The website was very innovative because it had two characteristics that no other search engine had at that time: it used a fast tracker that handled several sub-processes that allowed it to search more web pages than It was believed that they existed and towards a very efficient search thanks to advanced server hardware. AltaVista also had a minimalist design and limited the results of a domain to avoid receiving several results from the same source. With so many interesting features, AltaVista became a success after being online for two years, receiving more than 80 million visits every day.
In 1997, at its best, this search engine earned 50 million dollars thanks to its sponsors. Unfortunately, in 1998 with the arrival and popularity of Google, AltaVista began losing users. That same year was bought by Compaq who changed the strategy and decided that the site became a portal where users had free email services and could make purchases. The whole strategy was a failure and after years of problems, in July 2003 it was bought by Yahoo who also failed to compete against Google. The site was finally closed on July 8, 2013.