The great pyramids of Giza, including the 3 highest tombs. The largest is the Cheops pyramid, which is about 4,500 years old. This is the only and oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World Ancient World, preserved to this day. The second largest is the Chefren Pyramid. The ensemble of the Great Pyramids completes - the pyramid of Mikerin, dated 2530 BC. e. In addition to three huge monuments, the complex includes structures of small sizes, where they buried wives, servants, and other close people to the pharaohs. Also in Giza is the Great Sphinx - the oldest monumental sculpture in the world. It is believed that it is with Chefren that the face of the sphinx has a portrait resemblance. In addition, a ten-meter statue of Ramses II, carved from pink granite, is installed on the Giza plateau.rnrn
Giza Papyrus Museum, where tourists learn more about papyrus production technology and how it has changed over time. There are also workshops on paper making and painting on it. The paintings in the museum are more expensive than in the markets, but having bought a souvenir here, you will be sure that this is a genuine papyrus.rnrn
Wadi al-Khitan is another UNESCO site protected by UNESCO. Here were found the skeletons of sharks, turtles, stingrays, crocodiles and the oldest, long-extinct species of whales of Archeocetes. The latter are a vivid confirmation of the evolution of marine mammals. But how could the inhabitants of the ponds be in the middle of the desert? Northeast Africa used to be part of the vast Tethys Ocean, but after millennia, this place has become a zone of eternal drought.rnrn
Cairo is the largest city in the Middle East and the third largest in Africa. Due to the huge number of ancient mosques, Cairo is unofficially called the "City of a Thousand Minarets." Today, the capital of Egypt is a bustling metropolis with modern infrastructure, but it still stores a piece of history. For an excursion to Cairo and other places of interest, download free on itunes a translator if you do not know Russian or Arabic. Here, the tourists gaze opens to the citadel of Saladin, the mosques of Ibn Tulun, Muhammad Ali and Sultan Hassan, one of the oldest universities in the world Al-Azhar and many other interesting sights. Be sure to visit the perfume museum, where you will learn more about the history of perfume, technologies and components, as well as be able to test some of the aromas.rn
Saqqara is the village where the necropolis of the capital of the Old Kingdom - Memphis is located. There are several small pyramids and temples. The famous Saqqara was made by the unique pyramid of Djoser. Dating back to 2780 BC, it is the oldest in Egypt. Djosers pyramid was built from a vapnyak and has an unconventional step form for the constructions of Giza.