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March 12, 2009 at 4:20 PMComments: 0 Faves: 0

PMS Depression Information

By Smarty More Blogs by This Author

Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome, from a medical standpoint, is caused by fluctuations in hormones within the body. It is widely debated by physicians the exact hormones that are cause for the signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, but most agree that it is a combination of both decreased levels of progesterone and estrogen.


Progesterone is a steroid hormone involved with the reproductive system. Progesterone is involved with the female menstrual cycle, embryogenesis, and pregnancy.


Estrogens are also steroid hormones. The primary female sex hormones are estrogens. Estrogens have a variety of responsibilities within the reproductive system including the formation of secondary sex characteristics, endometrium thickening, and regulation of the menstrual cycle. Medically, estrogens are utilized for estrogen replacement therapy, contraceptives, and other hormone replacement therapies in women.

Premenstrual Syndrome: Symptoms

Premenstrual syndrome is associated with a variety of signs and symptoms that are both physical and emotional. At times, the combination of emotional stress and physical pain can have severe effects, limiting certain activities and routines. It should be noted that if these signs and symptoms are commonly reoccurring from month to month with disabling effects, this is no longer premenstrual syndrome, but is known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Premenstrual Syndrome: Physical Signs and Symptoms

Premenstrual syndrome is commonly associated with a variety of physical signs and symptoms including:

  • Abdominal Bloating
  • Acne
  • Breast Tenderness
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Fluid Retention
  • Headache
  • Weight Gain

Premenstrual Syndrome: Emotional Signs and Symptoms

Premenstrual syndrome is also associated with an array of emotional signs and symptoms.

  • Anxiety
  • Appetite Changes
  • Crying Spells
  • Depression
  • Food Cravings
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Mood Swings
  • Poor Concentration
  • Social Withdrawal
  • Tension

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is the term associated with ongoing symptoms of severe premenstrual syndrome. These symptoms include feelings of hopelessness, severe depression, anxiety, low self esteem, irritableness, anger, tension, and difficulty concentrating. It is strongly recommended that if you are experiencing these symptoms that you contact your physician for advise about treatment options.

Depression: One Symptom of PMS

There are actually over 150 symptoms caused by premenstrual syndrome. These symptoms vary based on individual circumstances. However, depression is one symptom of premenstrual syndrome, typically correlated within the weeks before, while during menstruation symptoms were markedly decreased. Women are actually at a higher risk for the development of depression in comparison to men. However, clinical depression is different than the coming and going of depression from month to month. Clinical depression is an ongoing event, associated with the inability or strong disinterest in the performance and completion of daily tasks and routines. It is also associated with feelings of hopelessness, helplessness, insomnia, nervousness, loss of appetite, and disinterest in all social interactions.

Depression: Seek Treatment

There are a variety of treatment options for the condition of depression in addition to premenstrual syndrome. It is recommended that you discuss all treatment options with your physician. Depression is not something you should be embarrassed about, rather you should seek treatment. Sources:

Photo Credit: Jessia Hime

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