Provision Of Sports Nutrition For Special Environments And Populations
The importance of sports nutrition in meeting the needs of athletes cannot be overemphasized. However, it is important to note that there are some environment and populations (usually regarded as special) that require the use of additional nutritional information and guidelines to help in enhancing their athletic performance.
This is provided as follows:
Vegetarian Athlete: The diet of a vegetarian diet usually contains high amount of fruits, whole grains, plant proteins, nuts and vegetables. This can be nutritionally sufficient; however, dietary assessment as well as the use of supplements is necessary for vegetarian athletes to avoid deficiencies and also to ensure that they take adequate nutrition that can support their athletic demands. This is important because evidence of improved athletic performance on long-term vegetarianism are insufficient.
Hot Environment: Heat has so many disadvantages for athletes and this includes increasing their risk of contracting heat illnesses that can lead to serious health complications. Athletes that compete under hot environmental conditions are prone to these illnesses. Electrolyte and fluid balance are very important for athletes in this region. Strategies should be designed to help in maintain proper body hydration while exercising under conditions of heat.
High Altitude: Athletes that compete in areas of high altitudes are usually placed under specialized nutrition and training conditions. This is to ensure that their red blood cells and oxygen carrying capacity is increased. Food rich in iron contents are highly recommended for athletes in this region. High altitude exposure can lead to increased risk of altitude sicknesses and as such, foods that have high protein and antioxidants are recommended for these athletes. Another factor to monitor in these athletes is their hydration. However, it is important to note that their fluid requirements have individual variations.
Cold Environments: Body temperature and hydration are the main requirements for people in cold environments including athletes that exercise in this region. Hypothermia is the main illness that affect athletes especially beginners and learners in this environment. It is therefore necessary to modify the carbohydrate and caloric intake of these athletes. Therefore, they should always take food and fluids that are appropriate and can withstand the temperature in cold environments because it will help them in promoting their athletic performance. If you are curious to know more about sports nutrition, visit snac.com.
These are the special environments and populations to pay attention to. Their macronutrients and micronutrient needs should be adequate for their athletic needs. The services of a sports dietitian or a nutritionist can be employed to ensure that the nutritional needs of athletes is adequately met so as to ensure that they are not only fit to effectively perform in their competition, but that they also lead a healthy life.