Narcissism a Disorder?
Everyone has a little bit of narcissism in them, some more than others. How serious is narcissism though? Is it serious enough to be considered a personality disorder? An article from Medical News Today says yes.
What is NPD?
It is called Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD). A person with NPD "has a distorted self image, unstable and intense emotions, is overly preoccupied with vanity, prestige, power and personal adequacy, lacks empathy, and has an exaggerated sense of superiority", according to Medical News Today. Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a disorder that is also closely associated with egocentrism, a personality trait in which a person sees only themselves, their opinions, and their interests as superior.
People who have this disorder have no interest in other people's feelings and lack empathy. They are incapable of acknowledging any feelings that are not their own.
Although people with NPD may seem to have it altogether, this is not particularly true. Those who have it tend to posses a delicate self-esteem and are usually over sensitive to even the smallest amount of criticism.
Common Symptoms of NPD
There are many symptoms people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder may typically experience:
- Responding to criticism with either anger, shame, or humiliation
- Frequently overstating their own talents, achievements, and importance
- Often having exaggerated fantasies regarding their own good looks, power, intelligence and success
- Consider their skills in romance to be superior
- Generally jealous people
- Seek and demand positive reinforcement
- Demand attention
- Lack of empathy
- Most of their goals considered selfish by others
- Have difficulty sustaining healthy relationships
- Very sensitive and easily hurt
- Can easily feel rejected
- Must have the best of everything
- Appear to be unemotional
- Appear arrogant
- Believe they deserve special treatment
- To achieve goals, they will take advantage of others
- Expect others to go along with what they want
There are not any specific causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. There are theories that suggest that a person could develop NPD from childhood instances, such as high expectations, neglect, over-pampering, and possibly abuse.
In order to diagnose a person with NPD, a doctor will first check their medical history and perform a physical exam looking for signs and symptoms. They don't have any tests specifically directed at NPD, but they may give the person an x-ray or a blood test checking for any physical illness resulting in the symptoms. There is, however, no cure to NPD. Psychotherapy is often recommended to treat it though.
Hopefully, researchers will come up with a more concrete treatment to effectively help those with NPD.