Because of their size and temperament, Pomeranians are perfect companions for apartment or condo living in the big city.
Pomeranians were originally bred in a province in East Germany called - you guessed it- Pomerania. Although they're classified as a companion breed, don’t let their size fool you, they can definitely be full of spunk and mischief.
Since the 17th century, many royals have owned and bred this little breed, increasing their popularity along the way. The one noble most distinctively associated with the Pomeranian is Queen Victoria. She owned a particularly small version, thus increasing the smaller variety's populatiry. During her lifetime alone, the average size of the breed decreased by 50%! At one point, Queen Victoria owned 35 of them, and she even died with one of her beloved Poms, Turi, by her bedside.
Known as a Companion and Northern breed, the Pomeranian is a descendant of the German Spitz dog that was used for pulling sleds and herding sheep. They emigrated to the United States during the 19th century.
Pomeranians are usually between just 8 and 11" tall, and weigh only 3 to 7 lbs. (My Pom, Romeo is a petite little man, only weighing 5 lbs.)
The Pomeranian is known for their “foxy” look. Their little ears are erect, and their eyes are almond-shaped. Their heads, meanwhile, are wedge-shaped, and their muzzles is short and pointed. They have pronounced, distinctive “ruff” fur around their necks. Their most distinctive trait, however, is their full, bushy tail, which curls over their back. Their paws are small and compact.
This little fur kid comes in a wide range of colors and patterns, the most common being red, orange, cream (white), sable, black, and black and tan. These furry bundles need a daily brushing to avoid matting and to reduce shedding during the shedding seasons.
Big Bark, Small Bite
The Pomeranian is a spirited little breed, and a very clean dog, often referred to being “cat-like.” (My Romeo lives up to the “cat-like” personality. He enjoys giving himself a daily bath and absolutely loves sitting in high places). They are extremely outgoing and loving, but many of them exhibit “Small Dog Syndrome” (the sense of having a big bold dog personality in a small package).
Poms eagerly defend and guard their territory by being extremely vocal to alert any intruders coming into their territory. They have a tendency to suffer from separation anxiety, so early training and instilling confidence and independence is imperative to ward off those anxiety issues.
A Trainer's Dream
They're an exceptionally smart breed, which makes training easy and fun. I’ve worked with lots of Poms, and they're very easy to work with. I look forward to many more years working with my Romeo, as well as other Poms. Early socialization with people of all ages is important for this pint-sized breed to prevent them from becoming aggressive. Without it, they tend to interact poorly small children.
Their activity level is moderate, so they need a daily exercise regimen. Thankfully, they make excellent walking partners and should have one walk per day (no less then 30-45 minutes). Because of their size and temperament, they're perfect companions for apartment or condo living in the big city. They also love to travel with their families and prefer not to be left alone for long periods of time.
Pomeranians usually have a nice long lifespan ranging from 12 to 16 years on average. A few health concerns include dental Problems, luxating patellas, patent ductus arteriosus, PRA, tracheal collapse, and “Black Skin Disease” (a combination of hair loss and skin darkening that is more prominent in males).
Consider looking for a Pomeranian through rescue organizations first. Every year, there are millions of dogs being euthanized - not because they are bad dogs, but because there is no home for them and insufficient resources to care for them at rescue agencies. By adopting a dog, you are truly saving a life!
At the very least, NEVER purchase any dog from a pet store. Unfortunately, those puppies almost always come from puppy mills. Instead, look for a reputable breeder to work with.
On a final note, it is important to spay and neuter your puppy by 6 months old to have a healthy and happy pet for many years to come!
If you're looking for a small, spunky, loving little travel companion, the Pomeranian is the dog for you!
Original Dog Bible, 2nd Edition by Kristin Mehus-Roe