Do you LOVE the adorable look of the Bulldog? Looking for a laid-back dog that requires little exercise? A dog that snores, drools and flatulates doesn't bother you? Fantastic! The Bulldog could be what you are looking for!
This breed originates from Great Britain. It is often referred to as British Bulldog but is more commonly known as English Bulldog.
The original Bulldog was taller and leaner with a square muzzle that wasn't as flat as today's Bulldog. They were also more athletic. After the blood sport of bull baiting was outlawed the original Bulldog was crossed with a Pug, making them shorter with a wider stature, flattening the muzzle, and reducing stamina. This would make the breed unable to fulfill the job they originally were bred to do. The modern Bulldog does not have the ability to sprint for long durrations, nor would they be able to endure being thrown by a bull as they do not have the capability to grip a bull due to their short muzzle.
The most common fact known about the Bulldog is what they were originally bred for, bull-baiting. They were often used for bear baiting too until both blood-sports became outlawed in 1835. Bulldogs were often used to help butchers with bulls by holding them down to the ground and also to round up wild bulls that were deemed dangerous. Bulldog's are now considered a companion breed!
The Bulldog's height is 12-16 inches and they can weigh between 40-50 pounds. Bulldog's have a very distinguished look about them with their under-bite being the most common aspect of their appearance. They are a stocky dog with a very large and square head with drooping jaws. Their muzzle is short and flat. They have dark eyes, a black nose, and little "drop"; ears. They have thick folds of skin around their brow's, neck, and above their nose, which will require daily cleaning in-between the folds of their skins. Their coat is short and sheds lightly during the seasons. They come in red, fawn, white, brindle and piebald.; Their tail is NOT docked but is naturally short and is either screwed or straight.
The Bulldog is a gentle, even-tempered, and loving dog! According to Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, they are ranked 78 out of 80 for intelligence in training and working, thus holding one of the lowest marks. Good thing they are so adorable! They are not deemed aggressive like many people believe, nor vicious, but are considered courageous. If these traits come out of the Bulldog, breeding temperament is faulty and should be stopped immediately. Bulldogs are easy-going, kind, and dignified. Because of these wonderful traits the Bulldog is known for getting along with children, other dogs and pets. Early socialization and training will play a huge role in ensuring your Bulldog continues to display this temperament trait otherwise they can get an attitude towards other dogs. One very common and annoying trait of the Bulldog is their snoring, drooling, and flatulence (passing gas). UGH! If you can get past these three issues though, the Bulldog makes a wonderful companion!
Their activity level is low. A short walk about 15-20 minutes a day is usually all a Bulldog needs. They are content with hanging around their family and staying close by. However, the Bulldog can move quickly over a short distance, which some pet parents don't expect at first! They are not big on chasing balls and prefer to snuggle next to you instead. They make an excellent apartment or condo companion! They don't require a fenced in-yard and tend to move slower with age. During extreme heat, care must be taken so the Bulldog doesn't overheat due to their flat nose causing them to have difficulties with breathing. If you are looking to fly abroad with your Bulldog, they might not be airline approved, meaning a majority of airlines are banning flat-nose breeds from flying due to their breathing issues.
A typical life span for the Bulldog is 8-12 years. Health concerns are: Severe skin allergies, Brachycephalic Syndrome, Eye Issues, Elongated Soft Palate, Hip Dysplasia, Reproductive Problems, and Small Trachea.
As you begin looking for an English Bulldog, please check with rescue organizations first. Every year there are millions of dogs being euthanized, not because they are bad dogs, but because there is no home for them and insufficient resources to care for them at rescues. By adopting a dog, you are truly saving a life!
At the very least, NEVER purchase any dog from a pet store. Unfortunately, those puppies almost always come from puppy mills. Instead, look for a reputable breeder to work with.
On a final note, it is important to spay and neuter your puppy by 6 months old to have a healthy and happy pet for many years to come!
Original Dog Bible, 2nd Edition by Kristin Mehus-Roe
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