Share
You could earn SmartPoints on this page!SmartPoint Coin

May 1 at 1:38 PMComments: 0 Faves: 0

Heart Attack: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

By BulkSupplements More Blogs by This Author

What is a Heart Attack?

rn

A heart attack, also called myocardial infarction (MI), occurs when blood is blocked from getting to the heart. As a result, the heart cells dont receive the oxygen they need. This results in damage to the heart tissue, which can be mild or can be so severe that it causes sudden death.

rn

Heart attacks are most often a result of a specific type of heart disease calledcoronary artery disease (CAD). CAD also goes by other names including ischemic heart disease and atherosclerosis. With CAD, arteries that lead to the heart become narrowed or completely blocked by a plaque made of cholesterol, fat, calcium and other substances. However, other underlying conditions can cause a heart attack as well.

rn

Heart attacks are very common, occurring every 40 seconds in the United States. Knowing the signs and seeking medical assistance as quickly as possible help minimize the effects. Medical intervention, lifestyle changes and dietary supplements can all be useful to both prevent and treat the conditions that cause heart attacks.

rn

Heart Attack Symptoms

rn

Unfortunately, symptoms of a heart attack can be so vague that people may not realize the warning signs. Some symptoms also resemble other less serious conditions, such asheartburn, and are dismissed. Being aware of the signs and symptoms can allow a person to get help as quickly as possible and improve their chances for survival.

rn

Symptoms of a heart attack include:

rn
    rn
  • Chest pain, especially in the center or left side of the chest the pain can range from a dull ache to a sharp pain or feel like squeezing or crushing in the chest
  • rn
  • Pain in the upper body including the left shoulder or arm, neck and jaw
  • rn
  • Shortness of breath
  • rn
  • Sweating
  • rn
  • Nauseaor vomiting
  • rn
  • Dizziness
  • rn
  • Fatigue
  • rn
rn

Many people wrongly assume that men are at a greater risk of experiencing heart attacks. As a result, women are more likely to ignore symptoms and delay getting treatment. Whats more, symptoms may differ somewhat in women. For example, men tend to have more severe chest pain while women may have milder symptoms such as excessive fatigue that can be confused with other conditions.

rn

Symptoms of Heart AttackPIN IT

rn

Heart Attack Causes

rn

Coronary Artery Disease

rn

Heart attacks are most commonly a result of coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is caused by a process called atherosclerosis, which occurs when plaque, consisting of cholesterol, fat and other material, builds up inside the arteries. Atherosclerosis occurs slowly over time and many people dont realize their arteries are narrowing. In fact, a heart attack is often the first indication of CAD.

rn

The plaque inside arteries can cause a heart attack in two ways. One way is by making the blood vessels so narrow that blood cant pass through. The other way plaque can lead to a heart attack is when a clot-like piece separates from the lining of a blood vessel and gets lodged in an artery, causing a partial or complete blockage.

rn

CAD is a serious condition that causes over 300,000 deaths per year in the U.S. alone. Major risk factors include smoking,obesityand havingdiabetes,high blood pressureand high cholesterol.

rn

Other Heart Diseases

rn

Heart problems like heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms (called arrhythmias) can trigger heart attacks. Coronary artery spasms, which might be caused by factors like exposure to cold, smoking, drug use or stress can also set off a heart attack.

rn

Drug Use

rn

Less common causes include drug use such as cocaine and amphetamines. Cocaine-related heart attacks are a common cause of death among young people.

rn

Heart Attack Recovery

rn

Most people dont die after their first heart attack. In fact, 20 percent are silent, meaning a person didnt even realize it was happening. Any time oxygen fails to reach the heart, however, damage to the organ can occur. The extent of the damage depends on the severity of the heart attack and how quickly someone gets medical assistance.

rn

After a heart attack, scar tissue forms in the heart in an effort to heal the damage. This scar tissue can interfere with the organs ability to pump blood. Physical rehabilitation is often necessary following a heart attack and many people go on to resume their normal lives with lifestyle modifications.

rn

Sometimes, however, a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest, also known as sudden cardiac death. This is when the heart suddenly stops beating. Death occurs within a few minutes if treatment, such as CPR or defibrillation (shock), is not administered.

rn

Heart Attack Treatments and Natural Remedies

rn

Coronary artery disease may be a largely preventable condition. Its believed that through lifestyle choices, people have quite a bit of control over the health of their heart. The best treatment for a heart attack therefore is never to have one in the first place.

rn

Medication, lifestyle changes and dietary supplements can all be useful as part of the overall treatment strategy for maintaining a healthy heart both before and after a heart attack.

rn

Medication

rn

Lots of medication options are available to address factors that cause coronary artery disease and heart attacks. Your doctor can prescribe drugs to help:

rn
    rn
  • Lower cholesterol
  • rn
  • Lowerhigh blood pressure
  • rn
  • Increase supply of blood to the heart
  • rn
  • Improve symptoms of heart failure
  • rn
  • Thin the blood to prevent clots
  • rn
  • Correct heart rhythm abnormalities
  • rn
rn

Surgery

rn

A minimally invasive surgical procedure involves placing stents (small tubes made of silicone, fabric or metal) in narrow or obstructed blood vessels. They help keep the blood vessels open so that oxygen-rich blood can flow more efficiently.

rn

Bypass surgery might also be required to maintain proper blood flow throughout the body. This procedure involves removing clogged blood vessels and replacing them with healthier blood vessels from other parts of the body. Bypass surgery can be open heart or performed in a less invasive way using video monitors and smaller incisions.

rn

Lifestyle

rn

Proper diet and exercise help keep all the systems of the body working their best, including the cardiovascular system. Lifestyle choices help you to maintain healthy weight, blood pressure and cholesterol. It also keeps inflammation in check.

rn

Following these diet recommendations can help reduce the risk of developing heart diseases that cause heart attack:

rn
    rn
  • Eat at least 5 serving of fruits and vegetables per day
  • rn
  • Include good quality, preferably lean protein in your meals
  • rn
  • Eating whole grains and starchy vegetables, potatoes and legumes provide more fiber and nutrition than refined starches like white bread
  • rn
  • Limit total fat intake to 25-35 percent of calories per day. This should be a mix of saturated and unsaturated fats
  • rn
  • Try not to eat more than you need
  • rn
  • As often as possible, eat foods in their whole, natural form rather than processed and packaged
  • rn
rn

What constitutes a healthy diet differs from one person to the next and depends on the needs of the individual. While theres no one diet thats perfect for everyone, examples of heart-healthy diet plans include theMediterranean dietandPaleo diet.

rn

In addition, as little as 30 minutes of daily exercise can significantly improve cardiovascular conditions and overall health.

rn
SEE ALSOrnrn
rnrn

Supplements for Heart Attack Prevention

rn

Supplements that come from natural, plant-derived sources have been used since ancient times to support heart health. Always check with your doctor before using supplements, especially if you already take medication.

rn

Pumpkin Seed Extract

rn

Pumpkin seed extractcontainsmagnesium, fatty acids,zincandantioxidants, which keep the heart healthy. As a dietary supplement, take 550 mg daily, or as directed by a physician.

rn

Hesperidin

rn

Hesperidinis a compound found in lemons, oranges and other fruits and vegetables. Studies show it supports blood and heart health and boosts immune function. As a dietary supplement, take 500 mg (1/4 tsp) ofhesperidin powderone to two times daily with food and water, or as directed by a physician. However, talk to your doctor before taking this product if you are pregnant or nursing. Do not take if you have a bleeding disorder or a history of low blood pressure. Also, avoid for at least two weeks before a scheduled surgery.

rn

Tart Cherry Extract Powder

rn

Tart cherry extractcan help lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels, two risk factors associated with heart attacks. As a dietary supplement, taketart cherry extract2,500 mg once daily with food, or as directed by a physician.

rn

Hawthorn Berry Extract Powder

rn

Hawthorn berriescontain potent antioxidants that strengthen blood vessel walls. They may also reduce risk factors of heart disease like high cholesterol. In studies, people who took hawthorn berries felt improvement in their symptoms associated with congestive heart failure, irregular heartbeat, arrhythmia,low blood pressure,angina, and atherosclerosis. As a dietary supplement, take 1,200 mg ofhawthorn berry extract powderone to two times daily, or as directed by a physician.

rn

Lycopene Powder

rn

Lycopene, a powerful antioxidant naturally found in red fruits and vegetables like tomatoes, reduces oxidative damage in cells. In addition to being a excellent antioxidant, studies suggest it can also lower blood pressure. As a dietary supplement, take 200 mg ofpure lycopene powderonce or twice daily, or as directed by physician.

rn

Fish Oil Soft Gels

rn

Research shows that taking omega-3 fatty acids, such as those found infish oil soft gels, can support heart health. They lower triglycerides and inflammation as well as act as an anticoagulant. Suggested serving size forfish oilis 2 capsules which could be taken 2-3 times per day.

rn

Astragalus Extract Powder

rn

Astragalusis an herb that when paired with conventional prescribed medications, can help improve heart function in people with heart diseases. Take 1300 mg ofastragalusdaily with meals, or as directed by a physician. Those with autoimmune diseases or who take immunosuppressants should speak with their doctor before using.

rn

Aronia Berry Extract

rn

Studies show thataronia berry extractkeeps blood vessels healthy and may lower blood pressure. As a dietary supplement, take 1,000 mg ofaronia berry1-2 times per day, or as directed by a physician.

rn

Red Yeast Rice

rn

Red yeast rice(RYR) is rice thats been fermented by Monascus purpureus, a type of yeast. It contains a compound called monacolin K which lowers cholesterol levels and is actually used in many cholesterol-lowering drugs. As a dietary supplement, take 600mg ofred yeast riceone or two times daily, or as directed by physician. Use milligram scale only. For best results, take with at least 200mgCoenzyme Q10.

rn

The Bottom Line

rn

A heart attack is serious. Luckily, in most cases theyre not fatal the first time but they signal a need to address underlying health issues and lifestyle choices. Recognizing the signs can allow someone to get help sooner, minimizing damage to heart tissue and disruption to daily life. A combination of medication, surgery, lifestyle habits, and dietary supplements can prevent, treat, and manage the underlying issues that cause heart attacks.

More from BulkSupplements Others Are Reading

0 Comments

Comment on the Smart Living Network

Related Stories

Heart Attack: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment article

Is Erectile Dysfunction a Parent to Heart Disorder?

THRIVE Email Newsletter from HelloLife®

Subscribe to the THRIVE Newsletter


Site Feedback