Feline Miliary Dermatitis
What is Feline Miliary Dermatitis?
Feline miliary dermatitis, scientifically known as papulocrustous dermatitis, is also commonly known as feline eczema. It is a general skin condition whose name is derived from the millet seed appearance of the multiple bumps that commonly accompany the condition. These bumps are typically covered with a crust and are red in appearance. It is most common for these bumps to be located near the head or base of the tail of the animal, but it is possible for feline miliary dermatitis to be found anywhere on the body of the animal.
What Causes Feline Miliary Dermatitis?
There is no one cause for feline miliary dermatitis. However, the most common cause for feline miliary dermatitis is often associated with some type of allergy. The following is a list of the possible causes for feline miliary dermatitis:
- Allergies from (Food, Pollen, or Fleas)
- Bacterial Infections
- Drug Hypersensitivity
- Hormonal Disorders or Abnormalities
- Immune System Diseases
- Intestinal Parasites
- Nutritional Disorders and Deficiencies
- Parasitic Infections (Mites, Fleas and Lice)
- Poor Diet
- Yeast Infections
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Feline Miliary Dermatitis?
There are many signs and symptoms of feline miliary dermatitis, but these symptoms are typically dependent upon the pet and the underlying cause for the development of the condition.
- Alopecia (Hair Loss): There could potentially be areas where hair is lost due to scratching or excessive grooming.
- Excessive Grooming and Licking
- Hair Balls
- Skin Twitching: Commonly caused by irritation.
- Temperament Changes: Typically aggression and general restlessness are present.
How is Feline Miliary Dermatitis Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of feline miliary dermatitis is often accomplished by a veterinarian that has been informed of the animal's medical history, physical examination, and the signs and symptoms the animal has been demonstrating. The hair of the pet will be examined for the presence of parasites and the veterinarian may test for the presence of ringworm or other intestinal parasites. It is also possible to test your pet for food allergies.
What are the Natural Treatment Methods for Feline Miliary Dermatitis?
Treatment is completely dependent upon the individual animal and the underlying cause of the feline military dermatitis. As the most common cause of feline miliary dermatitis is due to a hypersensitivity to flea bites, it is important prevent the presence of fleas on your pet. It is important to note that cats tend to have very good grooming habits, and hence it may be difficult to actually see the presence of fleas. On cats, it is easier to look for the presence of flea bites. If flea bites are found, treatment of both the animal and the surrounding household should occur. Year round flea control and prevention methods should be utilized to prevent any further infestations.
Feline Miliary Dermatitis: What is the Prognosis?
The prognosis for treatment and control for most cats is excellent. Feline miliary dermatitis is often solved by determining the underlying cause and treating the source of the problem. Most cats will have a positive response to treatments for feline miliary dermatitis. However, the method of treatment should be discussed with your veterinarian.
Photo Credit: red.dahlia