By Smarty — One of many Cat Breeds blogs on SmartLivingNetwork.com
Feline diabetes caused by a deficiency of insulin - a hormone that regulates how sugars are absorbed in the body. Once absorbed, the sugars are utilized by the related cells and tissues of the body as an energy source. Male cats are more commonly affected with diabetes than females. There are two types of feline diabetes:
The exact cause of feline diabetes in cats is not known. However, risk factors like genetics, obesity, pancreatic disease, hormonal imbalances and certain types of medications can all lead to the development of feline diabetes.
There are several classic signs of the onset of diabetes in cats. The most common are:
One of the most common health risks of feline diabetes is renal failure. There are two types of renal failure: Acute Renal Failure (ARF) and Chronic Renal Failure (CRF). Acute renal failure is a type of kidney failure that can come on suddenly. This is a serious medical emergency and if a cat is affected by this, veterinary care should be sought at once. If a cat stops urinating or has trouble urinating, seek veterinary attention as soon as possible. The effects of acute renal failure can be reversed if caught quickly and treated aggressively.
Symptoms of acute renal failure include:
Chronic renal failure is not a medical emergency, but it does require regular follow up and treatment from a veterinarian. The mean age is nine years, and the potential for chronic renal failure increases with age. Chronic renal failure is known as azotemia, which is the accumulation of urea and creatinine in the blood.
Symptoms of chronic renal failure include:
For cases of acute renal failure, in-patient management by a veterinarian is recommended. For cases of chronic renal failure, inpatient treatment for uremic crisis, changes in diet and unrestricted access to fresh water at all times is essential.
Kidney failure is a serious and life threatening condition. Check with your cat's veterinarian to monitor for signs and provide regular checkups as needed. Taking steps to treat the condition will not only help to keep a cat's kidneys under control, but will allow the cat to live a normal and healthy life.
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