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April 11, 2012 at 11:28 AMComments: 0 Faves: 0

Asperger's and Autism: Is There a Difference?

By Brad Plaggemars More Blogs by This Author

Welcome back to Mental Marvels-where the focus is brain behavior and mental phenomenons.

Defining Asperger's and Autism

Asperger's, according to mayoclinic.com is:

A developmental disorder that affects a person's ability to socialize and communicate effectively with others. Children with Asperger's syndrome typically exhibit social awkwardness and an all-absorbing interest in specific topics.

Autism is:

One of a group of serious developmental problems called autism spectrum disorders (ASD) that appear in early childhood — usually before age 3. Though symptoms and severity vary, all autism disorders affect a child's ability to communicate and interact with others.

The definitions almost seem identical, but there are a number of differences as well as similarities.

Similarities of Asperger's and Autism

  • Social Impairment
  • Motor Mannerisms
  • Lack of Flexibility

Differences Between Asperger's and Autism

Although Asperger's Syndrome and autism seem very similar, there are many differences between the two:

  • Asperger's is more mild than classic Autism
  • Children with Asperger's don't have delays in communication unlike those with Autism.
  • Children with Asperger's might communicate with someone verbally, but it will seem like they are talking at you rather than to you.
  • Those with Asperger's can usually function in a normal environment with certain modifications.
  • Children with Autism usually need a special school or special work settings because of the lack of verbal skills.
  • Children with Asperger's have a normal IQ, whereas, Autistic children's IQs tend to vary.

References:

http://www.naddc.org/the-difference-between-autism-and-aspergers-disorder.htm

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/autism/DS00348

http://mydrdeb.com/sense-of-self/autismaspergers

http://www.autism-world.com/index.php/2008/07/10/the-difference-between-autism-and-aspergers-syndrome-2/

http://www.aboutourkids.org/families/disorders_treatments/az_disorder_guide/autistic_disorder_aspergers_disorder_pervasive_deve_1

http://www.ehow.com/facts_5158628_difference-between-aspergers-autism.html

Photo Credit:

smithereen11

Lance Neilson

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