Special Needs Students with ADHD
Accommodating an ADHD Student
While there are specific challenges associated with educating an ADHD student, there are means to overcome such issues while still providing an effective learning environment. In the classroom, there are three specific areas where teachers will face the most challenge in working with:
- Attention Span
- Impulse Control
- Occasional Hyperactivity
Teachers will need to start out with an ADHD student by recognizing these symptoms and removing all distracting stimuli. It is also important to take note and be aware of what the student's limits are. Most ADHD students are able to handle one task at a time, so it is recommended not to overwhelm them. More importantly, these students need an established and well-structured environment that remains constant, as ADHD students do not respond well to change. Providing a positive work space is important. One that is free from stimuli such as windows, hallways and air conditioning noise. Placing the student towards the front of the class also helps as their back is turned from any classmate activity going on in the room. If the student is to have their peers seated next to them, it is recommended to have good role models so that the ADHD student will have appropriate behavior to emulate and model themselves after. While the less amount of distraction possible is recommended, make sure that their area is able to be accessed by other students so that there are no feelings of isolation.
Studying at Home
Parents should work with their child's teachers to make sure that a similar studying environment is provided at home. In order to keep a sense of consistency, there should be a set time and routine set up for homework, assignment review, and communication. As with any activity, it is important to recognize the ADHD child's limits and find a balance between studying and breaks. Once the assignments are complete, have the student sign a notebook signifying the end of their lesson period.
Balancing Good Behavior with Self-Esteem
While it is important to accommodate the ADHD student's unique learning style, behavior enforcement and the rules that accompany it must remain a set constant. Keep consequences consistent for each type of misbehavior, and remain calm no matter how upset they may get at the punishment. It is equally important to point out and reward good behavior for the student to develop self esteem.
While working with a student that has ADHD may be a challenging task, persistence, recognition of their limits, and rewarding good behavior will go a long way in achieving the best results and providing a constructive learning environment.
Photo Credit: Andreas-Photography
Concerned you or your child may have ADHD? Want to track progress with an ADHD treatment? Need a way to work with your ADHD child's teacher? Take our Complete ADHD Assessment today!